A number of issues can cause bleeding after brushing, but one of the primary areas of concern is the threat of periodontal disease. Gum disease affects nearly half of adults over age 30 in the U.S. With more than 64 million adults suffering from gum disease, it’s easily one of the top reasons to visit your Bridgeport / Trumbull Line dentist.Types of Gum DiseaseThere are two types, or severities, of gum disease. Gingivitis is the beginning phase of gum disease and is often recognized by inflammation of the gums. Gingivitis can cause your gums to become red, swollen, and bleed easily. This milder form of gum disease can typically be reversed with strong oral hygiene. Daily brushing and flossing and routine dental cleanings and exams can greatly reduce your risk for gingivitis or stop its progression.Periodontal disease forms when gingivitis is not treated properly. This more severe form of gum disease causes your gum pockets to deepen, which makes them highly susceptible to infection. While your body will attempt to fight the growth of bacteria and infection below the gum line, the bone and tissue that hold your teeth in place begin to break down. If you do not seek gum disease treatment right away, the gums, bone, and teeth can be destroyed.Signs of Periodontal DiseaseDespite periodontal disease being so prevalent in adults, in addition to being a major cause of tooth loss, many people don’t know they have it. Gum disease is often painless, so being aware of the warning signs will help you keep healthy teeth and gums:
- Bleeding after or while brushing
- Change in dental bite
- Change in fit of partial dentures
- Ongoing bad breath
- Permanent teeth become loose
- Tender, swollen gums
- Frequency of bleeding after brushing. Does it happen once in a while or every day? Explain if you notice the bleeding only when flossing or after brushing as well.
- Bleeding beyond brushing. If your gums are bleeding when you eat, or without any other stimulus, tell your dentist.
- Gums change colors. If your gums progress from light pink to dark red after brushing or eating, bacteria growth could be on the rise. Mention any change in gum color to your dentist.